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Inuvialuit Final Agreement


After ten years of negotiations, the Government of Canada and the Inuvialuit signed the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA) June 5, 1984. It was the first comprehensive land claim agreement signed north of the 60th parallel and only the second in Canada at that time. 

In the IFA, Inuvialuit agreed to give up their exclusive use of their ancestral lands in exchange for certain other guaranteed rights from the Government of Canada. The rights came in three forms: land, wildlife management and money. 

Goals of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement

The basic goals of the IFA, as expressed by the Inuvialuit and recognized by Canada, are to:

  • Preserve Inuvialuit cultural identity and values within a changing northern society.

  • Enable Inuvialuit to be equal and meaningful participants in the northern and national economy and society.

  • The IFA's economic principles are expressed by the need for full Inuvialuit participation in the northern Canadian economy through the development of an adequate level of economic self-reliance and a solid economic base. The establishment of Inuvialuit Development Corporation helped to fulfill this goal.
  • Protect and preserve the Arctic wildlife, environment and biological productivity.